African Migrations: Patterns and Perspectives


Free download. Book file PDF easily for everyone and every device. You can download and read online African Migrations: Patterns and Perspectives file PDF Book only if you are registered here. And also you can download or read online all Book PDF file that related with African Migrations: Patterns and Perspectives book. Happy reading African Migrations: Patterns and Perspectives Bookeveryone. Download file Free Book PDF African Migrations: Patterns and Perspectives at Complete PDF Library. This Book have some digital formats such us :paperbook, ebook, kindle, epub, fb2 and another formats. Here is The CompletePDF Book Library. It's free to register here to get Book file PDF African Migrations: Patterns and Perspectives Pocket Guide.
Related Content

By this, we want to put progressive African perspectives into the centre of our debates via the questions: How are the issues of flight and migration to Europe as well as within the African continent discussed in Africa itself? Which aspects are being neglected in the debate in Germany?

At least 80% of African migrants never leave the continent, but the focus is on Europe

How should a more humane refugee policy look like? Who is responsible for the living conditions many people in the Global South flee from? Checkout Your Cart Price.

You are here

Description Details Customer Reviews Spurred by major changes in the world economy and in local ecology, the contemporary migration of Africans, both within the continent and to various destinations in Europe and North America, has seriously affected thousands of lives and livelihoods. Review This Product No reviews yet - be the first to create one!

Migration and Xenophobia in Southern Africa

Need help? Partners MySchool Discovery. Subscribe to our newsletter Some error text Name. Email address subscribed successfully.

African migrants stuck at Mexico's southern border

A activation email has been sent to you. The "bright lights" and other attractions of far destinations surely have a strong pull, especially for people from poor rural communities. Anthropologists cannot, however, afford to ignore material factors in their analysis.

Description

Indeed, we must study the conjuncture of the material and the ideational. Many of us suspect that ideational motivations alone do not entice people to leave home. It is when they are coupled with economic incentives that they are most likely to become operative, to turn migration from a vague desire to a concrete intention to a reality. My aim here is therefore not to challenge the scholarly consensus behind the economic foundations of migration.

Rather, using the case of West African immigrants in Brazzaville, I seek to show how the economic determinants of migration are modulated by social forces, and specifically how unexpected migration outcomes can result from this process of modulation.

A unique picture of migration patterns in South Africa can help urban planning

The apparent paradox of migration to impoverished or unstable cities has been a longstanding problem for Africanist scholars. Since the colonial era, research has shown that once migration to a destination becomes established, it may continue and even increase in the face of economic disincentives like high unemployment. Disjunctures between urban growth and urban economic opportunity have been observed in African urban areas, including Brazzaville, since the s Gilbert and Gugler ; Balandier ; Gondola ; Ferguson I turn now to an examination of some of the social forces that sustain such disjunctures in international migration within Africa, focusing on two interrelated phenomena: on the one hand, social networks; on the other, widely shared imaginaries pertaining to human dignity and modernity.

The role of social networks in attracting new migrants has been the subject of considerable research.


  1. African Migrations: Patterns and Perspectives?
  2. Gun Digests Defensive Handgun Training Skills Definitions eShort: Discover the most-used terms from the world of defensive handguns. Get definitions & ... drills & skills. (Concealed Carry eShorts).
  3. African migration: trends, patterns, drivers!
  4. African Migrations - Patterns and Perspectives (Hardcover).
  5. Alzheimers: The Essential Guide (Need2Know Books Book 48);
  6. Foresight Africa viewpoint – Understanding the patterns and causes of African migration: Some facts.
  7. Perspectives on African Migration - COMPAS.

Each additional migrant in a given migration flow reduces the costs and risks of migration for those left behind, such that someone with a social connection to a migrant is much more likely to become a migrant him- or herself than someone without. The social network in which the individual is embedded therefore acts as a "pull factor," making migration a more enticing option.

Studies have shown that social capital—"the aggregate of the actual or potential resources which are linked to possession of a durable network of more or less institutionalized relationships of mutual acquaintance and recognition"—has a strong correlation to the propensity to migrate internationally Bourdieu ; Palloni et al. The ability of social networks to dampen economic opportunities in one's home community, thereby acting as a "push factor" encouraging migration, has received rather less scholarly attention.


  • Gun Digests Defensive Handgun Training Skills Definitions eShort: Discover the most-used terms from the world of defensive handguns. Get definitions & ... drills & skills. (Concealed Carry eShorts).
  • African Migrations: Patterns and Perspectives.
  • Danube Waves (viola).
  • Navigation.
  • This facet of social relations, the so-called "downside of social capital," became evident through my study of West African immigrant entrepreneurs in Brazzaville Portes and Landolt ; Whitehouse These entrepreneurs are mostly small- and medium-scale retail traders, and they dominate the sale of imported goods, from food products to clothing to auto parts, in the city's markets.

    I wondered what induced these individuals all of them men to leave their homes in Mali, Guinea, Senegal, or other countries of the Sahel to run their businesses in Brazzaville, where living standards were not necessarily better than in their home communities, where they faced a greater risk than back home of being victims of political violence and looting, and where the official business climate has been rated among the least conducive to private enterprise World Bank I also wondered about the other side of the coin: why weren't there more Congolese shopkeepers in Brazzaville's marketplaces?

    People also read

    Congolese participation in the private sector seemed clustered in a few areas like local foodstuffs and transportation, while Congolese were all but absent from the retail sale of imported goods. The explanations received from informants, both West African and Congolese, tended toward culturalistic arguments. Congolese prefer desk jobs, the conventional wisdom went, while West Africans just seem to have commerce "in their blood.

    Many West Africans in Brazzaville told me that they would have been unable to build up and maintain the kind of capital needed to run a business if they had stayed home, because of the volume of claims made on their resources by members of their social networks mostly kin. In fact, the vast majority of entrepreneurs I interviewed only took up commerce after leaving home, saving start-up capital over many years of doing unskilled labor or ambulant vending in various migrant destinations.

    For them, migration was an integral part of their strategies for business development and success. In the West African Sahel, as in much of Africa, it is very difficult to refuse a request from kin. Prevailing norms favor the collective welfare of the kin group over individual private accumulation of wealth, and those who turn down demands from needy relatives risk incurring strong moral and even supernatural sanctions.

    African Migrations: Patterns and Perspectives African Migrations: Patterns and Perspectives
    African Migrations: Patterns and Perspectives African Migrations: Patterns and Perspectives
    African Migrations: Patterns and Perspectives African Migrations: Patterns and Perspectives
    African Migrations: Patterns and Perspectives African Migrations: Patterns and Perspectives
    African Migrations: Patterns and Perspectives African Migrations: Patterns and Perspectives
    African Migrations: Patterns and Perspectives African Migrations: Patterns and Perspectives
    African Migrations: Patterns and Perspectives African Migrations: Patterns and Perspectives

Related African Migrations: Patterns and Perspectives



Copyright 2019 - All Right Reserved