At the same time, this was the first success by Vallabhbhai Patel in the freedom movement. Vallabhbhai Patel gave support in all the movements of Gandhiji including the non-cooperation movement — Asahyog Andolan. Apart from this, Vallabhbhai Patel supported Gandhi ji in all the movements including the peaceful nationwide movement like Swaraj movement, Quit India movement, Dandi Yatra. Patel, who impressed the people with his speech power, inspired people with his great ideas during the Bardoli Satyagraha waged against the Simon Commission in , due to which people agreed to not pay taxes increased by the British Government.
And the British Viceroy had to be defeated. At the same time, Vallabhbhai Patel became famous among the people for taking strong leadership of this movement and the people of Bardoli started calling him Sardar, thus later Sardar started joining in front of his name. At the same time in , Vallabhbhai Patel was made the chairman of the welcome committee of the 36th Ahmedabad session of the Congress and was appointed as the first chairman of the Congress Committee of Gujarat Pradesh, after which he remained the president of the Congress of Gujarat till However, during this time he also had to go to jail several times.
After becoming the Home Minister of independent India, he first organized the kings of different princely states of India using his political foresight and intelligence and made the kings of princely states of the Indian Union realize that it was not possible to dream of a separate kingdom.
After which, all the states agreed to merge in India but the Nawabs of Hyderabad, the Nizams of Junagadh and Jammu and Kashmir, refused to merge their princely states into India. After which Vallabhbhai Patel used the army on the strength of his acumen and intelligence to persuade the kings of these three states to merge their princely states into India. In this way, Vallabhbhai Patel unified the Union of India in a peaceful manner without any fighting, whereas he was given the title of Iron Man for this great work.
The growing separatist movement led by Muslim League leader Muhammad Ali Jinnah turned Hindu-Muslim riots into violence just before independence. On which Sardar Patel believed such violent and communal riots after independence. In December , he worked with VP Menon, a civil worker, and then represented India on the Partition Council to resolve the problem that would weaken the efficiency of the central government, which would prove disastrous to strengthen a democratic nation.
At the same time, his birthday was declared as National Integration Day in the year on 31 October. Apart from this, on 31 October , the postage stamp was also issued as a memorial to Sardar Patel by the Government of India. He joined Indian National Congress and his initial movements started with Satyagraha in Gujarat against British atrocities.
Later he actively participated and volunteered the Quit India Movement in closely working with Gandhiji. Patel had a very strong contribution in uniting the people of India during India Freedom movements. During this time, he was jailed, many times. The feeling of patriotism and urge to expel out British from Indian Territory became his first and only objective. His life has been an inspiring and motivating one.
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Due to his leadership qualities and ability to connect to masses, he has been given the title of Sardar Patel, meaning leader Patel. Get the huge list of more than Essay Topics and Ideas. After Independence, he played a prominent role in the Integration of India. He persuaded the rulers of princely states to be united and be part of One India — One Nation, by traveling to far-flung areas and border areas.
Later he also became the 1 st Deputy Prime Minister of India. He is among one of the three leaders who led India from to He had used force to annex princely states of Junagadh ruled by Nawab and Hyderabad ruled by Nizam, both of whom had wished not to merge their respective states with Union of India. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel stitched the princely states along with British Indian territory and prevented balkanization of India.
His faith in institutional mechanisms like having an organized command based army and a systemized bureaucracy proved to be a blessing. His exhortation to the probationers to maintain utmost impartiality and incorruptibility of administration is as relevant today as it was then. Thus, it can be seen that it was none other than Gandhiji who wanted Nehru to lead India, apart from the masses. Patel always listened and obeyed Gandhi — who himself had no political ambitions in free India. Even though Nehru had a great mass appeal, and a broader vision about the world, 12 out of 15 PCCs favoured Patel as Congress President.
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When Nehru came to know about the PCCs choice, he remained silent. Patel, as always, obeyed Gandhi. Nehru took over as Congress President for a short period of time in , before handing over the responsibility to J. For Nehru, the Prime Ministership of Free India was just an extension of his role in the interim cabinet. It was Jawaharlal Nehru who headed the interim government of India from 2nd September to 15th August On August 1, , two weeks before India became independent, Nehru wrote to Patel a letter asking him to join the cabinet.
Nehru, however, indicated that he already consider Patel as the strongest pillar of the Cabinet.
He had also mentioned that their combination is unbreakable and therein lies their strength. The differences of opinion were mostly regarding the Congress hierarchy, working style, or ideologies. There were differences in the choice of Congress presidential candidates in between Nehru and Patel. Nehru supported J. However, it should be noted that the differences were never big enough to result in a major split in the Congress or the Government.
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There was a time when everyone used to call me his blind follower. Somnath had been destroyed and built several times in the past. He felt that the story of its resurrection from ruins this time would be symbolic of the story of the resurgence of India.
Sardar was unimpressed with the slogans raised for socialism and spoke often of the need for India to create wealth before debating over what to do with it, how to share it. The role he envisaged for the government was that of a welfare state but realised that other countries had taken up the task at more advanced stages of development.
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Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel rejected nationalisation completely and was against controls. To him, the profit motive was a great stimulant to exertion, not a stigma.
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Patel was against people remaining idle. He urged labourers to participate in creating wealth before claiming a just share. Sardar championed investment-led growth. Abul Kalam Azad was a staunch critic of Partition right till the very end, however, that was not the case with Patel and Nehru.
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